The importance of maintaining muscle mass, rather than focusing on weight loss, in order to prolong life

UCLA Health news Higher muscle mass associated with lower mortality risk in people with heart disease FINDINGS Researchers from the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA found that cardiovascular disease patients who have high muscle mass and low fat mass have a lower mortality risk than those with other body compositions. The findings also…

Study links COPD with increased bacterial invasion

Vanderbilt University Medical Center news release Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common smoking-related lung illness and the third leading cause of death in the United States. Scientists have long believed that inhaling toxic gases and particles from tobacco smoke causes inflammation of the small airways in the lungs, leading to the development of…

Selecting the Right Hospital Can Reduce Your Risk of Avoidable Death by 50%, According to Analysis of Newly Updated Hospital Safety Score Grades

Leapfrog Group news release 4/25/16 Washington, D.C., April 25, 2016 – The Leapfrog Group announced today the Spring 2016 Hospital Safety Score update, assigning letter grades to more than 2,500 U.S. hospitals, assessing medical errors, accidents, injuries and infections. Alongside the update, Leapfrog contracted with Johns Hopkins Medicine’s Armstrong Institute for Patient Safety and Quality…

Vanderbilt Asthma, Sinus, Allergy Program sees uptick in alpha-gal syndrome

Vanderbilt University medical center news Vanderbilt’s Asthma, Sinus and Allergy Program (A.S.A.P) has seen an increase in the number of patients being treated for alpha-gal syndrome, commonly known as the red meat allergy linked to tick bites. Just five years ago, the number of patients diagnosed and treated for alpha-gal was minimal. Allergists at A.S.A.P….

Why people sleep badly in an unfamiliar place

Brown University news release Asleep somewhere new, one brain hemisphere keeps watch Have trouble sleeping on your first night in a new place? A new study explains what’s going on in the brain during that “first-night effect.” People who go to bed wary of potential danger sometimes pledge to sleep “with one eye open.” A…

Does palliative care need a rebrand?

University of Toronto news Patients are missing out on earlier access to supportive care because of the stigma attached to the label “palliative care,” according to research by Camilla Zimmermann published recently in the Canadian Medical Association Journal. The problem, Zimmermann uncovered, is that patients equate “palliative care” with end-of-life care, when it actually comprises…

How does COPD care by physicians compare with nurse practitioners/physician assistants?

The University of Texas Medical Branch news release Researchers from The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston investigated differences in care given to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients by medical doctors compared with nurse practitioners and physician assistants. This study is currently available in the journal, PLOS ONE. The United States is experiencing a…

Patients at High Risk for Psychiatric Symptoms After a Stay in the Intensive Care Unit

Johns Hopkins Medicine news release Results of a multi-institutional national study of nearly 700 people who survived life-threatening illness with a stay in an intensive care unit (ICU) suggest that a substantial majority of them are at high risk for persistent depression, anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder — especially if they are female, young and…

Strength training helps older adults live longer

Penn State news Older adults who met twice-weekly strength-training guidelines had lower odds of dying, in a new analysis by researchers at Penn State College of Medicine, Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center and Columbia University. The study is the first to demonstrate the association in a large, nationally representative sample over an…

Class of Drugs Commonly Used in Over-the-Counter Products such as Nighttime Cold Medicines Linked to Cognitive Impairment in Older Adults

Indiana University School of Medicine news release IU scientists: Brain scans link physical changes to cognitive risks of widely used class of drugs Older adults might want to avoid a using class of drugs commonly used in over-the-counter products such as nighttime cold medicines due to their links to cognitive impairment, a research team led…

An Off-Switch for Allergy: Starving the Immune System Prevents Allergic Inflammation in the Lung

Weill Cornell newsroom Starving immune cells of key nutrients stymies their ability to launch an allergic response, according to new research from a multi-institutional collaboration led by Weill Cornell Medicine investigators. The findings illuminate how nutrients help drive tissue inflammation caused by the immune system — an insight that could lead to new treatments for…