Let Them In: Family Presence during Intensive Care Unit Procedures

ATS Press Families have for decades advocated for full access to intensive care units (ICUs) and meaningful partnership with clinicians, resulting in gradual improvements in family access and collaboration with ICU clinicians. Despite such advances, family members in adult ICUs are still commonly asked to leave the patient’s room during invasive bedside procedures, regardless of…

Certain Steroids Raise Risk for Staph Infections

Study finds long-term use of glucocorticoids may suppress immune system, upping odds for patients People who use powerful drugs called systemic glucocorticoids are at higher risk for life-threatening staph blood infections, a new study finds. The findings are “a reminder for clinicians to weigh carefully the elevated risk against the potential beneficial effect of glucocorticoid…

Reverse frailty through rehabilitation

King’s College news release One in four patients with COPD referred for exercise rehabilitation are frail, but nevertheless can respond favourably to rehabilitation and their frailty can be reversed, finds a new study led by King’s College London and Royal Brompton & Harefield NHS Foundation Trust. The findings have wider implications for treating frailty, which…

Connection established between anxiety control, inflammation, Type 2 diabetes

Rice News A Rice University study has found a link between emotional stress and diabetes, with roots in the brain’s ability to control anxiety. That control lies with the brain’s executive functions, processes that handle attention, inhibition, working memory and cognitive flexibility and are also involved in reasoning, problem-solving and planning. The study published in…

Overweight COPD Patients Live Longer After Flares – ‘Obesity paradox’ may extend to COPD, small study suggests

Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who are overweight had better long-term survival than thinner patients following hospitalization for exacerbations in a small retrospective study. In a newly published analysis of outcomes among 57 COPD patients following hospitalization, 5-year overall survival among overweight patients (i.e., with a body mass index [BMI] ?25 kg/m2) was…

New Devices, Wearable System Aim to Predict, Prevent Asthma Attacks

North Carolina State University news release Researchers have developed an integrated, wearable system that monitors a user’s environment, heart rate and other physical attributes with the goal of predicting and preventing asthma attacks. The researchers plan to begin testing the system on a larger subject population this summer. The system, called the Health and Environmental…

Patients With Stable COPD Overuse SABAs – Poor underlying symptom control a probable reason

Nearly half of patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) participating in a prospective, pilot study overused their as-needed short-acting beta-agonist (SABA) bronchodilators. During 3 months of observation, close to one in five (19%) study participants with moderate to severe, but stable, COPD overused their albuterol SABA inhalers more than half of the days….

Long-Dreaded Superbug Found in Human and Animal in U.S.

The antibiotic resistance factor MCR, which protects bacteria against the final remaining drugs of last resort, has been found in the United States for the first time—in a person, and separately, in a stored sample taken from a slaughtered pig. Department of Defense researchers disclosed Thursday in a report placed online by the journal Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy that…

Low salt diets not beneficial: Global study finds

McMaster University news release Salt reduction only important in some people with high blood pressure A large worldwide study has found that, contrary to popular thought, low-salt diets may not be beneficial and may actually increase the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and death compared to average salt consumption. In fact, the study suggests that…

Care for COPD: Could More Be Done?

University of Michigan – Michigan Health Lab news It’s the third-leading cause of death in the United States, but compared to other chronic diseases, COPD research funding is low and patients’ access to care is poor. Fifteen million: That’s the number of adults in the United States affected by chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or COPD….

Surprising mechanism of acid reflux damage identified by UT Southwestern/Dallas VA researchers

UT Southwestern Medical Center news release The “acid” in “acid reflux” may not be the direct cause of damage to the esophagus as previously suspected, according to researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center and Dallas VA Medical Center. For more than 80 years, it has been assumed that stomach acid backing up through the esophagus damaged…